Archive for the ‘China’ Tag
India is the motherland of human race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe’s languages. She is the mother of philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of present mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all. India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. The most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. World owe a lot to the Indians, who taught how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.
If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should look to India. If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India. Whenever I read any part of the Vedas, I feel that some unearthly and unknown light illuminates me. In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of sectarianism. It is of all ages, climbs, and nationalities and is the royal road for the attainment of the Great Knowledge. When I read it, I feel that I am under the spangled heavens of a summer night.
In the great books of India, an empire speaks nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, and consistent, the voice of an old intelligence, which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the questions that exercise world. India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border. There are some parts of the world that, once visited, get into your heart and won’t go. For me, India is such a place where I am born. I am stunned by the richness of our land, by its lush beauty and exotic architecture, by its ability to overload the senses with the pure, concentrated intensity of its colors, smells, tastes, and sounds… Most see the world in black & white and, when brought face-to-face with India, you will experience everything re-rendered in brilliant Technicolor.
It is impossible not to be astonished by India. Nowhere on Earth does humanity present itself in such a dizzying, creative burst of cultures and religions, races and tongues. Enriched by successive waves of migration and marauders from distant lands, every one of them left an indelible imprint which is absorbed and assimilated into the Indian way of life. Every aspect of India presents itself on a massive, exaggerated scale, worthy in comparison only to the superlative mountains that overshadow it. It is this variety which provides a breathtaking ensemble for experiences that is uniquely Indian. Perhaps the only thing more difficult than to be indifferent to India would be to describe or understand India completely. There are perhaps very few nations in the world with the enormous variety that India has to offer. Modern day India represents the largest democracy in the world with a seamless picture of unity in diversity unparalleled anywhere else.
So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked. India will teach world the tolerance and gentleness of mature mind, understanding spirit and a unifying, pacifying love for all human beings. From the Vedas you learn a practical art of surgery, medicine, music, house building under which mechanized art is included. They are encyclopedia of every aspect of life, culture, religion, science, ethics, law, cosmology and meteorology. There is no book in the world that is as thrilling, stirring and inspiring as the Upanishads (Sacred Books of the East). It is very clear that a chapter which has a Western beginning will have to have an Indian ending if it is not to end in the self-destruction of the human race. At this supremely dangerous moment in history, the only way of salvation for mankind is the Indian way.
The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity is of wonderful structure, more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin and more exquisitely refined than either. Gravitation was known to the Indians before the birth of Newton. The system of blood circulation was discovered by Indians centuries before Harvey was heard of. Indians were very advanced Hindu astronomers in 6000 BC. Vedas contain an account of the dimension of Earth, Sun, Moon, Planets and Galaxies. India has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim … her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization!
Vedas are the most rewarding and the most elevating book which can be possible in the world. India has two million gods, and worships them all. In religion all other countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire. Where can we look for sages like those whose systems of philosophy were prototypes of those of Greece: to whose works Plato, Thales and Pythagoras were disciples? Where do you find astronomers whose knowledge of planetary systems yet excites wonder in Europe as well as the architects and sculptors whose works claim admiration, and the musicians who could make the mind oscillate from joy to sorrow, from tears to smile with the change of modes and varied intonation? There has been no more revolutionary contribution than the one which the Indians made when they invented “ZERO.” (‘Mathematics for the Millions’)
India – The land of Vedas, the remarkable works contain not only religious ideas for a perfect life, but also facts which science has proved true. Electricity, radium, electronics, airship, all was known to the Indians seers who founded the Vedas. After you converse about Indian philosophy, some of the ideas of Quantum Physics that seems so crazy suddenly make much more sense. The surgery of the ancient Indian physicians was bold and skillful. A special branch of surgery was dedicated to rhinoplasty or operations for improving deformed ears, noses and forming new ones, which European surgeons have now borrowed.
An examination of Indian Vedic doctrines shows that it is in tune with the most advanced scientific and philosophical thought of the West. Our present knowledge of the nervous system fits in so accurately with the internal description of the human body given in the Vedas (5000 years ago). Then the question arises whether the Vedas are really religious books or books on anatomy of the nervous system and medicine. One Billion-Year-Old fossil prove life began in India: AFP Washington reports in Science Magazine that German Scientist Adolf Seilachar and Indian Scientist P.K. Bose have unearthed fossil in Churhat a town in Madhya Pradesh, India which is 1.1 billion years old and has rolled back the evolutionary clock by more than 500 million years.
It is true that even across the Himalayan barrier India has sent to the west, such gifts as grammar and logic, philosophy and fables, hypnotism and chess, and above all numerals and the decimal system.
Zazen means “seated meditation.” Zazen is a place of refuge far beneath our everyday involvements, a place where we turn inward for peace, for answers to the deepest questions of life, and for the ability to meet our lives with wisdom, love, and compassion. For twenty-five hundred years the practice of Zen meditation and the essence of Buddhism have been passed from teacher to disciple. The method of this practice is simple and direct. However, like any discipline, knowing of it is not enough; Zazen requires time and effort sitting on the cushion, training the mind, and doing the work that leads to transformation. Zazen brings a state of stable, focused concentration by the act of repeatedly bringing the mind back to the present. Absorption, is the form and method of zazen — the practice of letting go and returning to the present. Cultivating this prevents distraction, but it is not a way to escape or ignore the conditions around us. Zazen happens in and with the world, not apart from it. The result of meditation is an ever deepening experience of openness and serenity in the midst of life.
In Soto Zen, we use the method known as Serene Reflection. The meditation involves staying alert, aware and still, and “just sitting.” It is an objectless method of meditation, simple and straightforward, but radical in its acceptance of conditions. Serene Reflection is profoundly deep when practiced over time. This meditation helps us see our minds clearly, for there is nothing to do but watch how our habit patterns distract us from the present moment. Seeing our mind clearly brings awareness of both the impermanence of everything in the mind — each thought, feeling, pattern, idea — as well as the limitlessness of mind itself, a vast space that lies beneath all the clutter. The practice of Zen is a direct method of finding this place of real truth within ourselves, and learning to function with this wisdom. Within every moment of thought you should see yourself that your fundamental nature is pure. You should cultivate for yourself, practice for yourself, and accomplish for yourself the enlightenment of buddhahood.
Universally recommended instructions for Zazen is the way originally perfect and all-pervading. How could it be contingent on practice and realization? The true vehicle is self-sufficient. What need is there for special effort? Indeed, the whole body is free from dust. Who could believe in a means to brush it clean? It is never apart from this very place; what is the use of traveling around to practice? And yet, if there is a hairsbreadth deviation, it is like the gap between heaven and earth. If the least like or dislike arises, the mind is lost in confusion. Suppose you are confident in your understanding and rich in enlightenment, gaining the wisdom that knows at a glance, attaining the Way and clarifying the mind, arousing an aspiration to reach for the heavens. You are playing in the entrance way, but you still are short of the vital path of emancipation.
Consider the Buddha, although he was wise at birth, the traces of his six years of upright sitting can yet be seen. As for Bodhidharma, although he had received the mind-seal, his nine years of facing a wall is celebrated still. If even the ancient sages were like this, how can we today dispense with wholehearted practice? Therefore, put aside the intellectual practice of investigating words and chasing phrases, and learn to take the backward step that turns the light and shines it inward. Body and mind of themselves will drop away, and your original face will manifest. If you want such a thing, get to work on such a thing immediately.
For practicing Zen, a quiet room is suitable. Eat and drink moderately. Put aside all involvements and suspend all affairs. Do not think “good” or “bad.” Do not judge true or false. Give up the operations of mind, intellect, and consciousness; stop measuring with thoughts, ideas, and views. Have no designs on becoming a Buddha. How could that be limited to sitting or lying down? At your sitting place, spread out a thick mat and put a cushion on it. Sit either in the full-lotus or half-lotus position. In the full-lotus position, first place your right foot on your left thigh, then your left foot on your right thigh. In the half-lotus, simply place your left foot on your right thigh. Tie your robes loosely and arrange them neatly. Then place your right hand on your left leg and your left hand on your right palm, thumb-tips lightly touching. Straighten your body and sit upright, leaning neither left nor right, neither forward nor backward. Align your ears with your shoulders and your nose with your navel. Rest the tip of your tongue against the front of the roof of your mouth, with teeth and lips together both shut. Always keep your eyes open, and breathe softly through your nose.
Once you have adjusted your posture, take a breath and exhale fully, rock your body right and left, and settle into steady, immovable sitting. Think of not thinking. Not thinking—what kind of thinking is that? Nonthinking. This is the essential art of zazen. The zazen I speak of is not meditation practice. It is simply the Dharma gate of joyful ease, the practice-realization of totally culminated enlightenment. It is the koan realized, traps and snares can never reach it. If you grasp the point, you are like a dragon gaining the water, like a tiger taking to the mountains for you must know that the true Dharma appears of itself, so that from the start dullness and distraction are struck aside. When you arise from sitting, move slowly and quietly, calmly and deliberately. Do not rise suddenly or abruptly. In surveying the past, we find that transcendence of both mundane and sacred, and dying while either sitting or standing, have all depended entirely on the power of zazen.
In addition, triggering awakening with a finger, a banner, a needle, or a mallet, and effecting realization with a whisk, a fist, a staff, or a shout – these cannot be understood by discriminative thinking, much less can they be known through the practice of supernatural power. They must represent conduct beyond seeing and hearing. Are they not a standard prior to knowledge and views? This being the case, intelligence or lack of it is not an issue; make no distinction between the dull and the sharp-witted. If you concentrate your effort single-mindedly, that in itself is wholeheartedly engaging the way. Practice-realization is naturally undefiled. Going forward is, after all, an everyday affair.
In our world and others, in both India and China, all equally hold the buddha-seal. While each lineage expresses its own style, they are all simply devoted to sitting, totally blocked in resolute stability. Although they say that there are ten thousand distinctions and a thousand variations, they just wholeheartedly engage the way in zazen. Why leave behind the seat in your own home to wander in vain through the dusty realms of other lands? If you make one misstep you stumble past what is directly in front of you. You have gained the pivotal opportunity of human form. Do not pass your days and nights in vain. You are taking care of the essential activity of the buddha way. Who would take wasteful delight in the spark from a flint stone? Besides, form and substance are like the dew on the grass, the fortunes of life like a dart of lightning—emptied in an instant, vanished in a flash.
Please, honored followers of Zen, long accustomed to groping for the elephant, do not doubt the true dragon. Devote your energies to the way that points directly to the real thing. Revere the one who has gone beyond learning and is free from effort. Accord with the enlightenment of all the Buddhas; succeed to the samadhi of all the ancestors. Continue to live in such a way, and you will be such a person. The treasure store will open of itself, and you may enjoy it freely.
BERLIN – As workers struggled to contain the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011, the head of German company Putzmeister in Japan rerouted one of its special boom trucks floating in the Pacific Ocean to the disaster site.
The truck – originally designed to pump concrete – proved so effective in cooling the station’s reactors with ocean water, that TEPCO (Tokyo Electric Power Company) immediately requested more of Putzmeister’s trucks – including two of the only three 70Z units in the world.
Nicknamed the “Juggernaut”, the 70Z gets its name from its massive 70-yard boom (nearly the length of a football field), which allowed it to pump some 700 gallons of water per minute into the Fukushima reactor, meanwhile keeping workers as far as possible from what had become ground zero in the disaster.
Less than a year on, Chinese industrial company Sany acquired family-owned Putzmeister, marking one of the biggest Chinese takeovers of a company from Germany’s “Mittelstand” engineering group – seen as a pillar of the country’s economy.
The significance of the acquisition was soon underscored by an Ernst & Young study in June citing Germany as the third most attractive investment opportunity among medium and large-sized Chinese businesses. Appearing on the lists of some 25% of companies surveyed, the European economic leader came in after only the U.S. (29%) and China itself (61%).
According to the study, more than half of those surveyed expressed an interest in mechanical engineering, with the automobile industry coming in second.
“The term ‘Made in Germany’ is famous the world over,” Yi Sun, a partner at Ernst & Young and head of China business services in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, told Germany’s RTL.
“German products speak for quality, which is something Chinese investors value, along with the advanced infrastructure of the country. We’re not talking about hype: this is a long-term trend that will see Chinese investors keep coming.”
German chancellor Angela Merkel has long pushed for Chinese investment in Europe and the Euro, along with her Finance Minister Philipp Rösler, who is under pressure to reconcile a steep imbalance: Germany currently has some 20 billion Euros invested in Chinese businesses, while Chinese investment in Germany amounts to only about 600 million Euros.
“We have to break down the prejudices that these direct investments are harmful: on the contrary, we want them,” n-tv quoted Rösler as saying, underpinning the emotional and psychological barriers that may be standing in the way of more Chinese investment.
But with Germany and China going head to head on worldwide export leadership, trust has been difficult to forge on either side.
“There were concerns that, like American companies and some venture capitalists, the Chinese will suck a company dry, take the filet pieces out, and then dissolve it,” Marc Tenbieg, head of the Deutscher Mittelstands-Bund (DMB), representing over 14,000 small and midsize German businesses, told Bloomberg.
The Putzmeister transaction, however, seemed to speak for a changing tide.
When the takeover was announced, Sany Heavy Industry Chairman Liang Wengen gave public assurance that its German acquisition would continue to produce its current product lines, meanwhile expanding them, and even adding to its own workforce. Whether or not the promises uphold, representatives of Putzmeister’s 3,000-person workforce seem satisfied with the deal.
“We prefer the Chinese because they have a long-term strategy, whereas Anglo-Saxon private equity firms are all about a quick turnaround,” Sieghard Bender, a union leader who had originally organized protests against the takeover, told Bloomberg.
“Sany will do everything to make the Putzmeister deal a success,” Bender said.
The combination of traditional German diligence, infrastructure and experience with Chinese long-term strategy could prove to be a powerful economic marriage. But the success of German-Chinese business relations may depend largely upon whether the integrity of each side’s respective strengths survives the union.
CHINA-As the last of the turbines at China’s Three Gorges Dam was connected to the grid on Wednesday, a dams debate rages over the fate of the Upper Yangtze River and its main western tributary, the Jinsha River. Known as the “River of Golden Sands,” the Jinsha is slated for a cascade of 25 dams designed to generate as much electricity as four Three Gorges Dams put together. Earlier studies by geologists have highlighted the seismic, safety, and water security risks of out-of-control dam building in this fragile region. Experts also warn against the risk of dam-building in China’s seismically active and flood-heavy southwest, where one dam break could cause a tsunami that creates a domino effect of collapsing dams downstream. This occurred in China in 1975, when a major flood and poor communications caused dam breaks at 62 sites in Henan Province. The catastrophe killed over 26,000 people – more casualties than any other dam failure in history. While such massive floods are rare (this was a once-in-1000-years flood), dam developers have yet to factor in the affects of climate change on extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, which are common in the southwest and have serious implications for dam operation. The valleys in this region, including those formed by the Lancang/Upper Mekong and Nu/Salween, also experience disastrous landslides during the rainy season due to the steepness of the terrain. These can be exacerbated by the clearing of vegetation for dam construction and by the filling and emptying of reservoirs. The fluctuating water levels of the Three Gorges reservoir, for instance, have destabilized hundreds of miles of slopes and triggered massive landslides. A recent warning sign is the deadly mudslide that occurred on June 28, 2012, at the Baihetan Hydropower Station on the lower Jinsha River (it is under construction by the China Three Gorges Project Corporation). The mudslide killed four people and left 36 more missing – all workers and their families at the dam construction zone
Three Gorges Dam, China
Three Gorges Dam, China
Three Gorges Dam, China